Grants-in-aid under Provison to Article 275(1) of Constitution of India
Grants-in-aid under Provison to Article 275(1) of Constitution of India are 100% annual grant from Government of India to States. It is charged to Consolidated Fund of India (except grants for NE States, a voted item).
Constitution of India provides as under:
"Article 275. Grants from the Union to certain States — (1) Such sums as Parliament may by law provide shall be charged on the Consolidated Fund of India in each year as grants-in-aid of the revenues of such States as Parliament may determine to be in need of assistance, and different sums may be fixed for different states.
Provided that there shall be paid out of the consolidated fund of India as grants-in-aid of the revenues of a State such capital and recurring sums as may be necessary to enable that State to meet the costs of such schemes of development as may be undertaken by the State with the approval of the Government of India for the purpose of promoting the welfare of the Scheduled Tribes in that state or raising the level of administration of the Scheduled Areas therein to that of the administration of the rest of the areas of that State."
Objective of Article 275(1)
Following are the objectives for programmes / activities funded with Grants-in-aid under Proviso to Art. 275(1) of Indian Constitution [Art. 275(1) Grants] to bridge gap between Scheduled Tribe (ST) population and others by accelerating development of STs by ensuring:
- Human resource development by enhancing their access to education and health services,
- Enhanced quality of life by raising the level of administration of the Scheduled Areas and also providing basic amenities in tribal areas / localities.
- Substantial reduction in poverty and unemployment through skill upgradation and other income generating opportunities, creation of backward and forward linkages and linkage with institutional finance for sustained income generation and creation of productive assets,
- Enhanced capacity to avail opportunities, gain rights &entitlements and improved facilities at par with other areas.
Art. 275(1) Grants is only an additive to State efforts for tribal development and it must address need of plugging critical gaps.
Guidelines of Article 275(1)
Guidelines of Article 275(1) (PDF)