GOVERNMENT OF INDIA    |    MINISTRY OF TRIBAL AFFAIRS

ST Welfare Grant

SCA To TSS
Article 275(1)
PVTG
Resources
  • About the Scheme
  • Objectives of the Scheme
  • Guidelines
  • Minutes of meeting
  • PAC Approved Projects
  • Facts by figures
Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub Scheme (SCA To TSS)

Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub Scheme (SCA to TSS) is part of the Umbrella Scheme for Development of Scheduled Tribes which is now a Core of the Core Scheme. It supplements the efforts of State Governments for development and welfare of tribal people by extending Special Central Assistance as an additive to the State Tribal Sub-Plan (TSP).

Under the special area programme of the Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub-Scheme (SCA to TSS), Grants are released to 27 States, having notified STs for development and welfare of tribal people. Funds are released to States based upon proposals received from the State Governments after the approval of State Level Executive Committee headed by Chief Secretary of the State, and considered in the Project Appraisal Committee (PAC), to bridge the gaps in sectors like education, health, agriculture, skill development, employment-cum-income generation, etc. 100% grants are provided to States.

Major part of infrastructure development in tribal dominated areas and provision of basic amenities to tribal people in the country is carried out through various schemes / programmes of concerned Central Ministries and the State Governments concerned, while the Ministry of Tribal Affairs provides additive to these initiatives by way of plugging gaps under SCA to TSS.

Objectives of the Scheme (SCA To TSS)
  • Human resource development by enhancing their access to education and health services.
  • Enhanced quality of life by providing basic amenities in tribal areas / localities including housing (mostly to be covered under PMAY/ State Schemes).
  • Substantial reduction in poverty and unemployment, creation of productive assets and income generating opportunities.
  • Enhanced capacity to avail opportunities, gain rights and entitlements and improved facilities at par with other areas
  • Protection against exploitation and oppression
Guidelines (SCA To TSS)
Guidelines SCA to TSS (PDF)
Minutes of Meetings
Click Here
PAC Approved Projects
Facts by Figures

Year

Grants (In Crore)

No of Projects Granted

No of Tribes Benefitted

2017-18

1348

314

1891810

2018-19

1345

395

1870748

2019-20

1345.62

554

771300

Total

4038.62

1263

4533858

Resources
  • About the Scheme
  • Objectives of the Scheme
  • Guidelines
  • Minutes of meeting
  • PAC Approved Projects
  • Facts by figures
Grants-in-aid under Provison to Article 275(1) of Constitution of India

Grants-in-aid under Provison to Article 275(1) of Constitution of India are 100% annual grant from Government of India to States. It is charged to Consolidated Fund of India (except grants for NE States, a voted item).

Constitution of India provides as under:

"Article 275. Grants from the Union to certain States — (1) Such sums as Parliament may by law provide shall be charged on the Consolidated Fund of India in each year as grants-in-aid of the revenues of such States as Parliament may determine to be in need of assistance, and different sums may be fixed for different states.

Provided that there shall be paid out of the consolidated fund of India as grants-in-aid of the revenues of a State such capital and recurring sums as may be necessary to enable that State to meet the costs of such schemes of development as may be undertaken by the State with the approval of the Government of India for the purpose of promoting the welfare of the Scheduled Tribes in that state or raising the level of administration of the Scheduled Areas therein to that of the administration of the rest of the areas of that State."

Objective of Article 275(1)

Following are the objectives for programmes / activities funded with Grants-in-aid under Proviso to Art. 275(1) of Indian Constitution [Art. 275(1) Grants] to bridge gap between Scheduled Tribe (ST) population and others by accelerating development of STs by ensuring:

  • Human resource development by enhancing their access to education and health services,
  • Enhanced quality of life by raising the level of administration of the Scheduled Areas and also providing basic amenities in tribal areas / localities.
  • Substantial reduction in poverty and unemployment through skill upgradation and other income generating opportunities, creation of backward and forward linkages and linkage with institutional finance for sustained income generation and creation of productive assets,
  • Enhanced capacity to avail opportunities, gain rights &entitlements and improved facilities at par with other areas.

Art. 275(1) Grants is only an additive to State efforts for tribal development and it must address need of plugging critical gaps.

Guidelines of Article 275(1)
Guidelines of Article 275(1) (PDF)
Minutes of Meetings
Click Here
PAC Approved Projects
Facts by Figures

Year

Grants (In Crore)

No of Projects Granted

2017-18

1510.66

376

2018-19

1819.81

617

2019-20

2662.55

660


Resources
  • About the Scheme
  • Objectives of the Scheme
  • Guidelines
  • Minutes of meeting
  • PAC Approved Projects
  • Facts by figures
  • Other Documents
Scheme for Development of PVTG

The Ministry of Tribal Affairs (MoTA) is the nodal Ministry for the overall policy, planning and coordination of the programmes for the development of STs and PVTGs. The dedicated Scheme of Development of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups is implemented by the MoTA through State Governments and UT Administrations covering all the 75 PVTGs. The scheme aims at planning for the socio-economic development of the PVTGs in a comprehensive manner while retaining the culture and heritage of the community by adopting habitat development approach and intervening in all spheres of their social and economic life, so that a visible impact is made in improvement of the quality of life of PVTGs.

The scheme follows the strategic approach which is need-based and strives to optimize utilization of resources available under various programmes and aims at specific outcomes. The scheme covers funding for activities like housing, enhancement of education and health infrastructure, land distribution, land development, agricultural development, animal husbandry, construction of link roads and installation of non-conventional sources of energy for lighting purpose, irrigation, social security (including Janshree Bima Yojana), skill development and upgradation, conservation of culture or any other innovative activity meant for inclusive development of PVTGs. The funds under this scheme are made available only for important activities for the survival, protection and development of PVTGs and which are not specifically catered to by any other scheme of the State or the Central Government or by guidelines governing the utilization of funds under Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub-Scheme and Article 275(1) of the Constitution. The scheme is implemented through ITDA by State Government.

Objectives (PVTG)

PVTGs constitute the most vulnerable section among tribals and largely reside in isolated, remote and difficult areas in small and scattered hamlets/ habitats. The scheme aims at planning their socio-economic development in a comprehensive manner while retaining the culture and heritage of the community by adopting habitat level development approach and intervening in all spheres of their socio-cultural and economic life, so that a visible impact is made in improvement of the quality of life of PVTGs.

Minutes of Meetings
Click Here
PAC Approved Projects
Facts by Figures

Year

Grants (In Crore)

No of Projects Granted

No of Tribes Benefitted

2017-18

239.49

151

181483

2018-19

250.00

205

260425

2019-20

249.99

142

251023

SCA To TSS

Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub Scheme (SCA To TSS)

Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub Scheme (SCA to TSS) is part of the Umbrella Scheme for Development of Scheduled Tribes which is now a Core of the Core Scheme. It supplements the efforts of State Governments for development and welfare of tribal people by extending Special Central Assistance as an additive to the State Tribal Sub-Plan (TSP).

Under the special area programme of the Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub-Scheme (SCA to TSS), Grants are released to 27 States, having notified STs for development and welfare of tribal people. Funds are released to States based upon proposals received from the State Governments after the approval of State Level Executive Committee headed by Chief Secretary of the State, and considered in the Project Appraisal Committee (PAC), to bridge the gaps in sectors like education, health, agriculture, skill development, employment-cum-income generation, etc. 100% grants are provided to States.

Major part of infrastructure development in tribal dominated areas and provision of basic amenities to tribal people in the country is carried out through various schemes / programmes of concerned Central Ministries and the State Governments concerned, while the Ministry of Tribal Affairs provides additive to these initiatives by way of plugging gaps under SCA to TSS.


Objectives of the Scheme (SCA To TSS)
  • Human resource development by enhancing their access to education and health services.
  • Enhanced quality of life by providing basic amenities in tribal areas / localities including housing (mostly to be covered under PMAY/ State Schemes).
  • Substantial reduction in poverty and unemployment, creation of productive assets and income generating opportunities.
  • Enhanced capacity to avail opportunities, gain rights and entitlements and improved facilities at par with other areas
  • Protection against exploitation and oppression

Guidelines (SCA To TSS)
Guidelines SCA to TSS (PDF)

Minutes of Meetings
Click Here
PAC Approved Projects

Facts by Figures

Year

Grants

No of Projects Granted

No of Tribes Bebefitted

2017-18

1348

314

1891810

2018-19

1345

395

1870748

2019-20

1345.62

554

771300

Total

4038.62

1263

4533858


Grants-in-aid under Provison to Article 275(1) of Constitution of India

Grants-in-aid under Provison to Article 275(1) of Constitution of India are 100% annual grant from Government of India to States. It is charged to Consolidated Fund of India (except grants for NE States, a voted item).

Constitution of India provides as under:

"Article 275. Grants from the Union to certain States — (1) Such sums as Parliament may by law provide shall be charged on the Consolidated Fund of India in each year as grants-in-aid of the revenues of such States as Parliament may determine to be in need of assistance, and different sums may be fixed for different states.

Provided that there shall be paid out of the consolidated fund of India as grants-in-aid of the revenues of a State such capital and recurring sums as may be necessary to enable that State to meet the costs of such schemes of development as may be undertaken by the State with the approval of the Government of India for the purpose of promoting the welfare of the Scheduled Tribes in that state or raising the level of administration of the Scheduled Areas therein to that of the administration of the rest of the areas of that State."


Objective of Article 275(1)

Following are the objectives for programmes / activities funded with Grants-in-aid under Proviso to Art. 275(1) of Indian Constitution [Art. 275(1) Grants] to bridge gap between Scheduled Tribe (ST) population and others by accelerating development of STs by ensuring:

  • Human resource development by enhancing their access to education and health services,
  • Enhanced quality of life by raising the level of administration of the Scheduled Areas and also providing basic amenities in tribal areas / localities.
  • Substantial reduction in poverty and unemployment through skill upgradation and other income generating opportunities, creation of backward and forward linkages and linkage with institutional finance for sustained income generation and creation of productive assets,
  • Enhanced capacity to avail opportunities, gain rights &entitlements and improved facilities at par with other areas.

Art. 275(1) Grants is only an additive to State efforts for tribal development and it must address need of plugging critical gaps.


Guidelines of Article 275(1)
Guidelines of Article 275(1) (PDF)

Minutes of Meetings
Click Here
PAC Approved Projects

Facts by Figures

Year

Grants (In Crore)

No of Projects Granted

2017-18

1510.66

376

2018-19

1819.81

617

2019-20

2662.55

660

Scheme for Development of PVTG

The Ministry of Tribal Affairs (MoTA) is the nodal Ministry for the overall policy, planning and coordination of the programmes for the development of STs and PVTGs. The dedicated Scheme of Development of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups is implemented by the MoTA through State Governments and UT Administrations covering all the 75 PVTGs. The scheme aims at planning for the socio-economic development of the PVTGs in a comprehensive manner while retaining the culture and heritage of the community by adopting habitat development approach and intervening in all spheres of their social and economic life, so that a visible impact is made in improvement of the quality of life of PVTGs.

The scheme follows the strategic approach which is need-based and strives to optimize utilization of resources available under various programmes and aims at specific outcomes. The scheme covers funding for activities like housing, enhancement of education and health infrastructure, land distribution, land development, agricultural development, animal husbandry, construction of link roads and installation of non-conventional sources of energy for lighting purpose, irrigation, social security (including Janshree Bima Yojana), skill development and upgradation, conservation of culture or any other innovative activity meant for inclusive development of PVTGs. The funds under this scheme are made available only for important activities for the survival, protection and development of PVTGs and which are not specifically catered to by any other scheme of the State or the Central Government or by guidelines governing the utilization of funds under Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub-Scheme and Article 275(1) of the Constitution. The scheme is implemented through ITDA by State Government.


Objectives (PVTG)

PVTGs constitute the most vulnerable section among tribals and largely reside in isolated, remote and difficult areas in small and scattered hamlets/ habitats. The scheme aims at planning their socio-economic development in a comprehensive manner while retaining the culture and heritage of the community by adopting habitat level development approach and intervening in all spheres of their socio-cultural and economic life, so that a visible impact is made in improvement of the quality of life of PVTGs.


Guidelines
Guidelines of PVTG (PDF)

Minutes of Meetings
Click Here
PAC Approved Projects

Facts by Figures

Year

Grants

No of Projects Granted

No of Tribes Bebefitted

2017-18

239.49

151

181483

2018-19

250.00

205

260425

2019-20

249.99

142

251023


Other Documents
Buffer Zone Notification of 17 January, 2013 for Protection of Jarawa Tribal Reserve Area in A & N Islands
Notification dated 9-3-2006 appointing 15-3-2006
State-wise List of PVTGs
The _Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Protection of Aboriginal Tribes) Amendment Regulation_,2012 dated 2-7-2012
The Andaman And Nicobar Gazette dated 21-12-2004-Policy on Jarawa Tribe of Andaman Islands
Notification dated 9-3-2006 appointing 15-3-2006
The Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Protection of Aboriginal Tribes) Amendment Regulation,2005 dated 26-08-2005
The Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Protection of Aboriginal Tribes) Regulation, 1956 dated 30-6-1956
Tribal Reserve Notification of 2 April 1957 for Protection of Aboriginal Tribes and their Habitats in A & N Islands