The Ministry was set up in 1999 after the bifurcation of Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment with the objective of providing a more focused approach towards the integrated socio-economic development of the Scheduled Tribes (the most underprivileged section of the Indian Society) in a coordinated and planned manner. Before the formation of the Ministry, tribal affairs were handled by different Ministries at different points in time.
The Ministry of Tribal Affairs is the Nodal Ministry for overall policy planning and coordination of programmes for development of STs. To this end, the Ministry has undertaken activities that follow under the subjects allocated in the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961 and amendment(s) thereafter. The subjects allocated to the Ministry of Tribal Affairs are as follows:
It covers all tribal people and all areas with tribal population across the country.
- Social security and social insurance to the Scheduled Tribes
- Tribal Welfare: Planning, project formulation, research, evaluation, statistics and training
- Promotion and development of voluntary efforts on tribal welfare
- Development of Scheduled Tribes
- Scheduled Areas
- Monitoring of ST Welfare Grants, based on the framework and mechanism designed by NITI Ayog
- The National Commission for Scheduled Tribes
a. Commission to report on the administration of Scheduled Areas and the welfare of the Scheduled Tribes; and
b. Issue of directions regarding the drawing up and execution of schemes essential for the welfare of the Scheduled Tribes in any State.
- Implementation of the Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955 and the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989, excluding administration of criminal justice in regard to offences in so far as they relate to Scheduled Tribes.
Note: The Ministry of Tribal Affairs shall function as the umbrella unit for the overall development & well-being of the STs. However, the Sectoral programmes & Schemes for the development of these communities as well as their coordination will fall under the the ambit of the concerned Central Ministries / Dept., State Govt. and/ or Union Territary Administration, where each Ministry/ Dept. is responsible for its concerned sector.
The programmes and schemes of the Ministry are intended to support and supplement the efforts, primarily of other Central Ministries, the State Governments and partly of voluntary organizations via financial assistance and to fill critical gaps within institutions and programmes, taking into account the situation of STs. The primary responsibility for promoting the interests of Scheduled Tribes rests with all the Central Ministries. The Ministry supplements their efforts by way of various developmental interventions in critical sectors through specially tailored schemes. These schemes comprising of economic, educational and social development through institution building are administered by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs and are implemented mainly by the State Governments/ Union Territory Administrations.
The Ministry of Tribal Affairs is functioning under the overall guidance of the Union Minister of Tribal Affairs and assisted by two Minister of State. The administrative head of Ministry is Secretary who is assisted by three Joint Secretaries, one Deputy Director General and one Economic Advisor. Financial Advisor assists the Ministry in the internal finance and budget matters, where the Chief Controller of Accounts helps in budget/expenditure control. The Ministry is divided into Divisions/ Branches and Sections/units. The Ministry of Tribal Affairs has a sanctioned strength of 139 employees with a working strength of 110 officials. There are 45 Group A posts, 59 Group B posts (Gazetted/ non-Gazetted), 35 Group C posts, which includes 16 formerly Group D posts which are now cotegorised as Group C posts as per Sixth Central Pay Commissions recommendations.
The Chief Vigilance Officer (CVO) in the Ministry provides assistance to the Secretary of the Ministry in all matters pertaining to vigilance and acts as a link between the Ministry and the Central Vigilance Commission (CVC). The CVO looks after the surveillance in addition to his normal duties as Joint Secretary (Administration) in the Ministry. One Deputy Secretary assists the CVO in executing his functions. Every year, the Ministry celebrates the "Vigilance Awareness Week" .
Public Grievance Redressal Mechanism
The Joint Secretary is designated as the Director of Grievances in the Ministry. The Director of Grievances also holds regular meetings with Officers/staff and hear problems and grievances in person. The public grievances are also being monitored online (CPGRAMS). Public grievances received online through DARPG, President Secretariat etc. are also being attended/ monitored.
Parliamentary Committees and the Ministry
The Standing Committee on Social Justice and Empowerment takes evidence of the representatives of the Ministry every year, in connection with the examination of the Demands for Grants of the Ministry. In addition, there is one more Standing Committee attached to this Ministry i.e. Standing Committee for the welfare of SCs and STs. Besides Consultative Committee Meetings under chairmanship of Minister of Tribal Affairs are held once in a quarter on different subjects. The details of Director of Grievances such as Room Number, telephone number, etc. have been widely circulated.
Progressive Use of Hindi
Hindi being the official language of the Union, is actively encouraged in official work by the Ministry. The Hindi Section looks after the work of translation and deals with the Official Language Policy and the Official Language Act 1963. It also monitors the progressive use of Hindi in official work in organizations under the Ministry. Majority of the officers and staff members have proficiency or working knowledge of Hindi.
Continuous efforts are made to achieve the targets fixed by the Department of Official Language in the Annual Programme , for correspondence in Hindi with various offices/regions etc. The Ministry complies with the section 3(3) of the OFFICIAL LANGUAGE ACT 1963 and thus all the letters received in Hindi are replied to in Hindi only. During the period of this Report, most of the original letters to ‘A’ and ‘B’ regions were sent in Hindi. All administrative and other reports are made bilingually. All rubber stamps and printed stationery are also made in Hindi and English. In order to remove the hesitation within officers/ employees of the Ministry while doing official work in Hindi, Hindi workshops are organized during the year. Inspections are also carried out to review the use of Hindi in official work. Hindi Salahkar Samiti has been reconstituted in the Ministry to promote the use of Hindi in the official work.
Ministry of Tribal Affairs is the nodal ministry for overall policy, planning and coordination of programmes for development of STs. To this end, the Ministry of Tribal Affairs has undertaken activities that follow from the subjects allocated under the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961 as mentioned below:
1. Social security and social insurance with respect to the Scheduled Tribes.
2. Tribal Welfare: Tribal welfare planning, project formulation, research, evaluation, statistics and training.
3. Promotion and development of voluntary efforts on tribal welfare.
4. Scheduled Tribes, including scholarship to students belonging to such tribes.
5. Development of Scheduled Tribes.
5A. All matters including legislation relating to the rights of forest dwelling Scheduled Tribes on forest lands.
6. (a) Scheduled Areas; (b) regulations framed by the Governors of States for Scheduled Areas.
7. (a) Commission to report on the administration of Scheduled Areas and the welfare of the Scheduled Tribes; and (b) issue of directions regarding the drawing up and execution of schemes essential for the welfare of the Scheduled Tribes in any State.
8. The National Commission for Scheduled Tribes.
9. Implementation of the Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955 (22 of 1955) and the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989 (33 of 1989), excluding administration of criminal justice in regard to offences in so far as they relate to Scheduled Tribes.
10. Monitoring of Tribal Sub-Plan, based on the framework and mechanism designed by NITI Aayog.
The Ministry of Tribal Affairs is the nodal Ministry for coordination of programmes of development for the Scheduled Tribes. However, with regard to sectoral programmes and schemes of development of these communities, policy, planning, monitoring, evaluation, etc. as also their coordination are the responsibility of the concerned Central Ministries / Departments, State Governments and Union Territory Administrations. Each Central Ministry / Department is the nodal Ministry or Department concerning its sector.