Overall development (including health and education) of people belonging to Scheduled Tribes and to protect their rights, preserve and promote their culture and heritage.
Gap filling role in the activities of various line ministries in the welfare of the tribal population and implement schemes through the State Governments / Union Territory Administrations or organizations recommended by the Multi-Disciplinary State Level Committee of the concerned State Government/UT Administration.
Tribal Sub Plans were devised for expeditious development of Scheduled Tribes since 1974-75. It comprises of State Plan and Central Plan components. TSP of State Plan constitutes more than two thirds of the total outlay. It is a multi-pronged strategy which includes support for education, health, sanitation, water supply, livelihood physical infrastructure etc. is carried out through various schemes/programmes of concerned Central Ministries and the State Governments. The Ministry of Tribal Affairs supplements these efforts through filling critical gaps. Broadly, funds flow for tribal development under TSP strategy are sourced from the following-
In addition, all the programmes of centre and state having universal coverage are also available for development of Scheduled Tribes.
Outlay of TSP Funds..
(Rs. in crore, rounded off)
|Availability of TSP funds||2011-12||2012-13||2013-14||2014-15 (RE)||2015-16(BE)|
|Funds under CS/CSS||17454||20184||22030||20,536||19,980|
|TSP component under State Plan||44772||55019||59938||70,240||82,971|
|SCA to TSP||1111||820||1097||1040||1254|
Determination of plan outlay and monitoring of the TSP was done by the erstwhile Planning Commission.
In addition to ITDA/ITDP, Micro Project Agencies and Tribal Research Institutes at the State/UT level, few institutions have been located at the Central Government level.
A constitutional body for safe guarding the interest of Scheduled Tribes under Article 338A of the Constitution of India. It can investigate, inquire, and monitor all matters relating to safe guards provided to STs.
NSTFDC is a company set up to help economic upliftment of Scheduled Tribes by providing financial assistance at concessional rates of interest.
It is provided 100% equity share capital by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
The Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India (TRIFED is a national-level apex organization for marketing development of the tribal products with its role as a facilitator and service provider. It provides training to Artisans, Craftsman and other tribal people for value addition and provides outlets for sale of their produce/products.
Ministry’s website www.tribal.nic.in has been awarded “Web Ratna Gold Icon 2014 Awards for outstanding Content.
The Ministry is providing a national platform for conservation and promotion of cultural heritage of the tribals. A national festival was organized from 13 – 18 February, 2015 in Delhi to showcase tribal art, craft, food, literature, medicines and also display and sale of tribal art and crafts.
This would be an annual event to be held between second Friday and third Wednesday of February.
Vanaj 2015 being inaugurated on 13.02.2015 by Shri Jual Oram, Hon’ble Minister of Tribal Affairs in New Delhi.
“GOTIPUA” dance being performed by the tribal children from Odisha during the opening ceremony of “VANAJ” in Delhi.
Tribal Guests who had participated in the Republic Day 2015 celebrations had an opportunity to meet the Hon’ble President of India and the Hon’ble Prime Minister of India. They were accompanied by Shri Jual Oram, Hon’ble Minister of Tribal Affairs and Shri Mansukhbhai Vasava, Hon’ble Minister of State for Tribal Affairs.
Hon’ble President of India with Republic Day, 2015 tribal guests and Shri Jual Oram, Hon’ble Minister of Tribal Affairs at Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi.
Hon’ble Prime Minister of India, Hon’ble Minister of Tribal Affairs and Hon’ble Minister of State for Tribal Affairs with tribal guests who participated in Republic Day, 2015 celebrations.
Tribal Guests, who participated in the Republic Day, 2015 celebrations were accorded a warm reception on 31.01.2015 at the residence of Shri Jual Oram, Hon’ble Minister of Tribal Affairs which was also attended by Shri Mansukhbhai Vasava, Hon’ble Minister of State for Tribal Affairs.
Hon’ble Minister of Tribal Affairs and Hon’ble Minister of State for Tribal Affairs along with senior officers of the Ministry.
Tribal Guests performing at their reception on 31.01.2015
Contemporization of tribal art as a means of livelihood. Tribal Artisans displaying their skills.
Commonly used tribal medicines.
Mapping sports talents and its promotion to include traditional sports.
Training for sustainable livelihood
A strategic process to converge resources to achieve desired outcomes through appropriate institutional mechanism has been launched on 28th October, 2014. This approach envisages comprehensive development of tribals by shifting the working character into a holistic approach rather than focusing on physical and financial achievements.
Launching of Vanbandhu Kalyan Yojana (VKY) by Hon’ble Minister of Tribal Affairs and Hon’ble Minister of State for Tribal Affiars on 28.10.2014
Tribal Welfare Ministers from different states with the Hon’ble Minister of Tribal Affairs & Hon’ble Minister of State for Tribal Affairs.
Sickle Cell Anemia: A protocol for identification of Sickle Cell Hemoglobin in tribal students through a low cost “Turbidity Test” has been developed by ICMR. Training workshops organized by the Ministry to carry out these tests within this financial year. A card is being issued to each child on sickle cell status which would be used to counsel parents of sickle cell carriers not to marry other sickle cell carrier. The State of Gujarat has already completed more than 80% screening. Training workshops have been held in the states of Odisha, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Assam, Tripura, Mizoram, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh.
MALARIA: To reduce the incidences of Malaria amongst the tribal population, composite fish cultures in the ponds has been advocated. Using space technology mapping of existing ponds and potential ponds has been started and training workshops been held in all States/UTs with ST population. This prevents the breeding of mosquitoes. Fish provide additional income and nutrition.
Since the year 2014-15, the Ministry has started an initiative to identify tribal students, particularly girl students, who do reasonably well in science subjects, train them as paramedics and keep them attached to an ANM or any other institution with a regular remuneration.
The Ministry has been holding workshops & consultations with various stakeholders in tribal welfare, including Hon’ble Members of Parliament, agencies directly involved in tribal welfare, etc. to get real time inputs and suitably modify/adapt the implementation of Ministry’s schemes.
Review of the activities of the Tribal Welfare Department, State Government of Chhattisgarh being taken by Shri Jual Oram, Minister of Tribal Affairs on 21.01.2015.
Review of the Tribal Welfare activities in Hyderabad on 07.02.2015.
Creative Inputs by:-
Mr. Ashok Pai
Ms. Suprava Dash