Overall development (including health and education) of people belonging to Scheduled Tribes and to protect their rights, preserve and promote their culture and heritage.


Gap filling role in the activities of various line ministries in the welfare of the tribal population and implement schemes through the State Governments / Union Territory Administrations or organizations recommended by the Multi-Disciplinary State Level Committee of the concerned State Government/UT Administration.


Tribal Development

Tribal Sub Plans were devised for expeditious development of Scheduled Tribes since 1974-75. It comprises of State Plan and Central Plan components. TSP of State Plan constitutes more than two thirds of the total outlay. It is a multi-pronged strategy which includes support for education, health, sanitation, water supply, livelihood physical infrastructure etc. is carried out through various schemes/programmes of concerned Central Ministries and the State Governments. The Ministry of Tribal Affairs supplements these efforts through filling critical gaps. Broadly, funds flow for tribal development under TSP strategy are sourced from the following-

  • TSP Component of State Plans;
  • TSP components of Sectoral programmes of Central Ministries/ Departments;
  • Special area programmes of Special Central Assistance (SCA) to Tribal Sub Plan (TSP);
  • Grants under Article 275 (1) of the Constitution;
  • Institutional Finance; and
  • CSR of Corporate bodies.

In addition, all the programmes of centre and state having universal coverage are also available for development of Scheduled Tribes.

Outlay of TSP Funds..
(Rs. in crore, rounded off)

Availability of TSP funds 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 (RE) 2015-16(BE)
Funds under CS/CSS 17454 20184 22030 20,536 19,980
TSP component under State Plan 44772 55019 59938 70,240 82,971
Article 275(1) 1015 852 1050 1133 1367
SCA to TSP 1111 820 1097 1040 1254
Total 64352 76875 84115 92,949 1,05,572

Determination of plan outlay and monitoring of the TSP was done by the erstwhile Planning Commission.

Special Area programmes

Grant under Article 275(1) of the Constitution:

  • Grants are released for improving the quality of Administration in Scheduled Areas and for the welfare of Schedule Tribes.
  • Identified priorities are –Strengthening Institutions dedicated for delivery of public goods and services like, Integrated Tribal Development Agency/ Integrated Tribal Development Projects, Tribal Research Institutes; Educational infrastructure for Residential Schools, Hostels; critical physical connectivity e.g, to schools/PHCs; with focus on tribes/areas having low development indices like literacy.

Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub Plan(SCA to TSP):

  • Funds are provided to the 23 TSP States, as an additive to the Tribal Sub Plan component of the State Plan.
  • Focus on imparting modern skills to enhance employability including traditional skills; sustainable income generating livelihood like Dairy Development, Horticulture, Improved varies of traditional crops, Fisheries, Backyard poultry, sericulture etc with gender sensitive approach.


  • Vanbandhu Kalyan Yojana (VKY): 
  • A strategic process was launched in the year 2014-15.
  • Converges resources to achieve desired outcomes through appropriate institutional mechanism.
  • Envisages comprehensive development of tribals by shifting the working character into a holistic approach rather than focusing on physical and financial achievements. 
  • Ensures delivery of goods and services to the tribal population across the country while striking at the critical gaps in the sectors of Housing, Livelihood, Health & Sanitation, Drinking Water, Agriculture & Irrigation, Electricity, Education, Skill Development, Sports & Games and Preservation of Cultural Heritage etc. in a targeted manner through appropriate institutional mechanism. 

Social Safety Net

Marketing of Minor Forest Produce

  • Mechanism for Marketing of Minor Forest Produce (MFP) through Minimum Support Price (MSP) and Development of Value Chain for MFP”, a Centrally Sponsored Scheme has been launched during the year 2013-14 as one of the social safety measure for the MFP gatherers, who are primarily members of Schedule Tribe, by ensuring fair monetary returns for their efforts in collection, primary processing, storage, packaging, transportation etc.
  • Initially covering most produced and traded MFPs namely, Tendu, Bamboo, Mahuwa Seed, Sal Leaf, Sal Seed, Lac, Chironjee, Wild Honey, Myrobalan, Tamarind, Gum Karaya & Karanj.
  • The scheme is implemented in the States having areas under Fifth Schedule of the Constitution, namely, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.



  • Applicable to students who are studying in Classes IX – X. Priority is given for girls.
  • Parental income from all sources should be less than Rs.2.00 lakhs per annum.
  • Scholarship of Rs.150/- per month for day scholars and Rs.350/- per month for hostellers is given for a period of 10 months in a year.
  • Scholarship is distributed through the State Government/UT Administration.


  • Applicable to students who are studying in any recognized course from a recognized institution for which qualification is Matriculation/Class X or above. Priority is given for girls.
  • Parental income from all sources should be less than Rs.2.50 lakhs per annum.
  • Compulsory fees charged by educational institutions are reimbursed subject to the limit fixed by the concerned State Fee fixation committee and scholarship amount of Rs.230 to Rs.1200 per month, depending upon the course of study is paid.
  • Scholarship is distributed through the State Government/UT Administration.
  • Remedial and special coaching is provided to ST students in Classes IX to XII.


  • Scholarship is given to ST students for pursuing studies in prescribed courses in any of the 158 institutions of excellence across the country like IITs, AIIMS, IIMs, NIITs, etc. identified by the Ministry. Priority is given to girls.
  • Total number of scholarships is 1000 per year.
  • Family income from all sources does not exceed Rs.4.50 lakhs per annum.
  • Scholarship amount includes tuition fees, living expenses and allowances for books and computer.


  • 750 fellowships are provided to ST students each year for pursing higher studies in India for MPhil and PhD. Priority is given to girls.
  • Fellowship is granted as per UGC norms. Presently, @Rs.25,000/- for JRF and @Rs.28,000/- for SRF.


  • Provides financial assistance to selected students to pursue Post Graduation, PhD & Post-Doctoral study abroad. Priority is given to girls.
  • A total of 20 awards are given every year. Of these, 17 awards are for STs and 3 awards for students belonging to Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups.
  • Parental/family income from all sources does not exceed Rs.6.00 lakhs per annum.
  • Implemented through the Ministry of External Affairs.


  • Main aim is to develop the skills of the ST and improve their socio-economic condition by enhancing their income.
  • Vocational Training Centre may cater to five vocational courses depending upon the employment potential of the area. Ensure employment of at least 75% of the students.
  • Implemented through the State Governments/UT Administration/Implementing Agencies/NGOs.

Scheme of Girls & Boys Hostels for STs:

  • Central assistance is given to States/UTs/Universities for construction of new hostel buildings and/or extension of existing hostels.
  • State Governments are eligible for 100% central share for construction of all Girls’ hostel and also for construction of Boys’ hostel in naxal affected areas (identified by Ministry of Home Affairs from time to time).
  • The funding pattern for the other Boys’ Hostel to State Governments is on 50:50 basis. In case of UTs, the Central Government bears the entire cost of construction of both Boys’ and Girls’ hostels. Maintenance of the hostel is the responsibility of the concerned States/UTs. 
  • The hostels may be for middle, secondary, college or university level education.

Scheme of Ashram Schools in Tribal Sub-Plan Area:

  • Objective is to provide residential schools for STs in an environment conducive to learning to increase the literacy rate among the tribal students and to bring them at par with other population of the country. 
  • State Governments are eligible for 100% central share for construction of all Girls’ Ashram Schools and also for construction of Boys’ Ashram Schools in naxal affected areas (identified by Ministry of Home Affairs from time to time).
  • The funding pattern for the other Boys’ Ashram Schools is on 50:50 basis, while cent percent assistance is given to UTs for construction of both Girls and Boys’ Ashram Schools.
  • The scheme covers primary, middle, secondary and senior secondary level of education.


  • Implemented in 54 identified low literacy districts where ST population is 25% or more and ST female literacy rate is below 35%.
  • Priority to areas inhabited by Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) and Left Wing Extremism (LWE) affected areas.
  • Ministry provides 100% assistance which includes free education, boarding and lodging, books, uniforms, medical help, coaching, incentives to girls, periodical awards, etc.
  • Implemented through Voluntary Organizations (VOs)/ Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and Autonomous Society/Institutions of State Government/ Union Territory Administration.


  • Supports coaching of disadvantaged ST candidates in quality coaching institutions to enable them to appear in competitive examinations.
  • Implemented through reputed Professional Coaching Institutions/State Governments/UT Administrations/Universities which run Pre-examination Coaching Centres.

Development of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups


  • This scheme is in addition to other schemes for socio-economic development of tribal groups who are at the bottom of developmental indices.
  • The scheme by adopting habitat development approach and intervening in all spheres of their social and economic life, to make visible impact in improving of the quality of life of PVTGs while retaining their culture and heritage.

Implementation of Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 (FRA, 2006)

  • The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 is to recognize and record their existing rights on the forest land.
  • Due process for recognition and vesting rights laid down through Rules and Guidelines.
  • A monitoring system along with building capacity of STs, forest dwellers and officials for effective implementation has been put in place.

Scheme of Assistance to State Scheduled Tribes and Finance Development Corporations (STFDCs)

  • Under the Scheme titled “Assistance to State Scheduled Tribes Finance & Development Corporations (STFDCs), the Central Government is to provide 49% Equity Share Capital to the State Tribal Finance and Development Corporations and the balance of the Share Capital is to be borne by the State Government. 
  • A person belonging to Scheduled Tribes and living below poverty line is eligible for assistance from the STFDCs under the scheme.
  • STFDCs of Goa, HP, J&K, Kerala & Odisha have been released Rs.640 lakhs Rs.42 lakhs, Rs.470 lakhs, Rs.20 lakhs and Rs.8 lakhs respectively as Equity support to their share capital.

Institutions for Tribal Development

In addition to ITDA/ITDP, Micro Project Agencies and Tribal Research Institutes at the State/UT level, few institutions have been located at the Central Government level.

National Commission for Scheduled Tribes

A constitutional body for safe guarding the interest of Scheduled Tribes under Article 338A of the Constitution of India. It can investigate, inquire, and monitor all matters relating to safe guards provided to STs.

National Scheduled Tribes Finance and Development Corporation (NSTFDC)

NSTFDC is a company set up to help economic upliftment of Scheduled Tribes by providing financial assistance at concessional rates of interest.

It is provided 100% equity share capital by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.

Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Ltd. (TRIFED)

The Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India (TRIFED is a national-level apex organization for marketing development of the tribal products with its role as a facilitator and service provider. It provides training to Artisans, Craftsman and other tribal people for value addition and provides outlets for sale of their produce/products.

Highlights of Achievements since 2014-15


  • To overcome language barriers in learning amongst tribal children all Tribal Research Institutes have been funded to prepare bilingual primers (both in tribal and regional languages) which would be reproduced through Sarva Siksha Abhiyan. Odisha, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Maharashtra have already initiated this process.
  • Synchronization of vacation with Tribal Festivals has been advocated to check drop out.
  • To provide physical safety and quality education and its access, nearly 20,000 seats during FY 14-15, about 40,000 seats during CFY in hostel/residential school facility have been sanctioned.
  • To make education relevant for the tribal children vocational training integrated with residential schools with one of the teachers acting as mentor cum counselor.
  • Training of tribal girl/lady as ANM and their posting as Assistant Warden in Girls hostel for girl safety and counselling been initiated.
  • Every tribal area school without toilet targeted to have functional toilets with focus on girls toilets and funds provided for safety and inculcating hygiene and sanitation habits.
  • Increasing the number of scholarships for ST students in professional education and research from 667 to 1000 scholarships per year under the Scheme of Top Class Education and from 625 to 750 fellowships per year for ST students under the National Fellowship scheme.
  • 2106973 beneficiaries were granted scholarships under the Scheme of Post Matric Scholarship for ST students while 1324150 beneficiaries were granted scholarships under the Scheme of Pre-Matric Scholarship for ST students.


  • The scheme of Grant-in Aid to Tribal Research Institutes (TRI)” has been revised from the FY 2014-15 to extend 100% financial assistance to strengthen them in the areas of Research & Documentation of tangible and intangible heritage and Training & Capacity building etc.
  • A total of Rs.16.41 Crores were given to the TRIs of Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Tripura, West Bengal & Andaman & Nicobar Islands for carrying out the following activities:


  • Research Studies/Evaluation Studies/Ethnographic/Anthropological Studies.
  • Organization of Exhibitions/Conferences/Workshops on tribal issues, etc.
  • Training and Capacity building.
  • Exchange of visits for Tribal youth.
  • Tribal festivals, etc.
  • The functions of the TRI, inter-alia, include to work as body of knowledge and research, to support evidence based policy, planning and legislations, capacity building, dissemination of information and creation of awareness etc.

Strengthening of Institutions

  • Strengthening of Integrated Tribal Development Agency/Integrated Tribal Development Project (ITDA/ITDP) for effective delivery of public goods and services to Tribals in Tribal Areas.
  • The Ministry of Tribal Affairs, in collaboration with the Government of NCT of Delhi, is setting up an autonomous body “Society for Protection of Tribals” which would help the migrant tribals access basic citizen services, including Rescue, Rehabilitation and counselling services, through a 24 X 7 helpline.


  • Tribal Research Institute – have been revived to make them vibrant institutions through 100% funding for core staff and activities. TRI, Odisha has been declared as National Resource Centre.
  • Centre of Excellence has been set up for study of Tribal language and literature in Viswa Bharati, Shantiniketan, West Bengal.


  • Till the end of February, 2015, 15,62,453 lakh claims have been recognized under the Forest Rights Act, 2006. Out of these, 15.32 lakh individual and 29898 community Forest Rights titles have been distributed, covering a total area of around 77 lakh acres of land.


  • A Project Appraisal Committee, headed by Secretary, Tribal Affairs, with representatives of State Governments, Financial Advisor, Planning Commission, etc. has been constituted to appraise and approve the proposals for allocation under various schemes of the Ministry.
  • Minutes of these meetings are put on public domain. This has resulted in consultation and transparent fund releases, convergence of programme and optimal utilization of resources.
  • All the sanction orders are also kept in public domain through Ministry’s website along with details of the sanctioned project.
  • All Advisories and Instructions issued by the Ministry are kept in public domain through the Ministry’s website.


  • In addition to the tech enabled trade information and information of the ministry including its financials being kept in public domain through the ministry’s website, continuous updation of website and use of social media through twitter (@tribalaffairsin) and facebook (Ministry of Tribal Affairs) have been undertaken.
  • Launching of MFPnet – for realtime prices across various mandis (
  • Linking Kisan Call Centre (1800-180-1551) with MFPNet to provide trade info of not only Minor Forest Produce, but also about agricultural products.
  • Launching of e-Commerce portal for sale of tribal crafts and produce collaboration with for online sale of tribal products by TRIFED.
  • e-File Tracking System (for tracking files and correspondences), e-Samiksha (Real time Online Monitoring), PRAGATI (Public Grievances), AEBAS (Bio-metric Attendance System) myGOV (for seeking public views on various topics related to the Ministry), VLMS (VVIP Letter Monitoring System) are extensively used.
  • All payments in the Ministry are made through electronic transfer.
  • All procurements are made through tenders which are uploaded on the relevant portals.

Ministry’s website has been awarded “Web Ratna Gold Icon 2014 Awards for outstanding Content.


National Tribal Festival – Vanaj

The Ministry is providing a national platform for conservation and promotion of cultural heritage of the tribals. A national festival was organized from 13 – 18 February, 2015 in Delhi to showcase tribal art, craft, food, literature, medicines and also display and sale of tribal art and crafts.

This would be an annual event to be held between second Friday and third Wednesday of February.

Vanaj 2015 being inaugurated on 13.02.2015 by Shri Jual Oram, Hon’ble Minister of Tribal Affairs in New Delhi.

“GOTIPUA” dance being performed by the tribal children from Odisha during the opening ceremony of “VANAJ” in Delhi.

Participation of Tribal Guests in Republic Day 2015 celebrations:

Tribal Guests who had participated in the Republic Day 2015 celebrations had an opportunity to meet the Hon’ble President of India and the Hon’ble Prime Minister of India. They were accompanied by Shri Jual Oram, Hon’ble Minister of Tribal Affairs and Shri Mansukhbhai Vasava, Hon’ble Minister of State for Tribal Affairs.

Hon’ble President of India with Republic Day, 2015 tribal guests and Shri Jual Oram, Hon’ble Minister of Tribal Affairs at Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi.

Hon’ble Prime Minister of India, Hon’ble Minister of Tribal Affairs and Hon’ble Minister of State for Tribal Affairs with tribal guests who participated in Republic Day, 2015 celebrations.

Tribal Guests, who participated in the Republic Day, 2015 celebrations were accorded a warm reception on 31.01.2015 at the residence of Shri Jual Oram, Hon’ble Minister of Tribal Affairs which was also attended by Shri Mansukhbhai Vasava, Hon’ble Minister of State for Tribal Affairs.

Hon’ble Minister of Tribal Affairs and Hon’ble Minister of State for Tribal Affairs along with senior officers of the Ministry.

Tribal Guests performing at their reception on 31.01.2015

Contemporization of tribal art as a means of livelihood. Tribal Artisans displaying their skills.

Commonly used tribal medicines.

Mapping sports talents and its promotion to include traditional sports.

Skill development and Vocation

  • A total number of 1,18,003 persons benefitted under various interventions of the Ministry in Skill Development, Vocational Training and Income Generation Schemes/Component for which nearly Rs.275 Crores funds were released to various states.
  • Training educated tribal youth to be qualified teachers and paramedics for filling void in the services.
  • Modern skills, hospitality, tourism, computers, beautician course, mobile repairing, etc. with the condition of providing at least 2/3 placement guarantee supported.
  • Integration of Vocational training with school curriculum in residential schools to make education relevant for the ST children.


  • Livelihood activities which can provide regular, sustainable incomes have been supported and advocated e.g. promotion of Dairy Development through co-operatives and linking with Milk Federations would provide a range of veterinary services and regular income that has women participation. Similarly, backyard poultry can reach large number of households and help in providing protein and additional income.
  • Composite fish culture is for both containing mosquito population, providing protein supplement and income to the family. Usage of Space Technology for mapping existing water bodies and developing potential one through MGNREGS has been promoted.
  • In addition, Horticulture, Floriculture, improved varieties of traditional minor millets advocated and supported. Minor millets are more nutritious than polished rice or maize and hence recommended for menu in schools also. 


  • Provision of facilities for soil testing, humus content mapping and assessment of fertilizer requirement. 
  • Promotion of practice of backyard kitchen garden among tribal people.
  • Growing of off season vegetables.

Kitchen Garden

Backyard Poultry

Fisheries/Fish hatcheries

Diary Co-operatives

Training for sustainable livelihood

Vanbandhu Kalyan Yojna

A strategic process to converge resources to achieve desired outcomes through appropriate institutional mechanism has been launched on 28th October, 2014. This approach envisages comprehensive development of tribals by shifting the working character into a holistic approach rather than focusing on physical and financial achievements.

Launching of Vanbandhu Kalyan Yojana (VKY) by Hon’ble Minister of Tribal Affairs and Hon’ble Minister of State for Tribal Affiars on 28.10.2014

Tribal Welfare Ministers from different states with the Hon’ble Minister of Tribal Affairs & Hon’ble Minister of State for Tribal Affairs.


Sickle Cell Anemia: A protocol for identification of Sickle Cell Hemoglobin in tribal students through a low cost “Turbidity Test” has been developed by ICMR. Training workshops organized by the Ministry to carry out these tests within this financial year. A card is being issued to each child on sickle cell status which would be used to counsel parents of sickle cell carriers not to marry other sickle cell carrier. The State of Gujarat has already completed more than 80% screening. Training workshops have been held in the states of Odisha, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Assam, Tripura, Mizoram, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh.

MALARIA: To reduce the incidences of Malaria amongst the tribal population, composite fish cultures in the ponds has been advocated. Using space technology mapping of existing ponds and potential ponds has been started and training workshops been held in all States/UTs with ST population. This prevents the breeding of mosquitoes. Fish provide additional income and nutrition.

Since the year 2014-15, the Ministry has started an initiative to identify tribal students, particularly girl students, who do reasonably well in science subjects, train them as paramedics and keep them attached to an ANM or any other institution with a regular remuneration.

Other initiatives include:

  • Bring all pregnant mothers under immunization programme.
  • A protocol for including Folic Acid, every Monday immediately after the afternoon meal has been put in place.
  • To ensure regular intake of green leafy vegetables, kitchen gardens are encouraged. Traditional foods like minor millets, etc. are encouraged for cultivation and included as a part of the school meals.
  • Habit of hygiene and sanitation, use of recyclable material amongst school children, reduction in generation of garbage.
  • Circulars regarding hygiene and cleanliness were issued to the Tribal Welfare Departments of all states and union territories.
  • Engagement of trained lady health workers as Warden/Asstt. Wardens in girls’ hostels.


The Ministry has been holding workshops & consultations with various stakeholders in tribal welfare, including Hon’ble Members of Parliament, agencies directly involved in tribal welfare, etc. to get real time inputs and suitably modify/adapt the implementation of Ministry’s schemes.

Review of the activities of the Tribal Welfare Department, State Government of Chhattisgarh being taken by Shri Jual Oram, Minister of Tribal Affairs on 21.01.2015.

Review of the Tribal Welfare activities in Hyderabad on 07.02.2015.

A journey to Remember

Thank You

Creative Inputs by:-
Mr. Ashok Pai
Mr. K.Chandrasekhar
Ms. Suprava Dash

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